Guidance And Counselling For Educational Achievements: (Special Reference To Nigerian Secondary Schools)


    Background of the Study

    In recent time, attention has been given to the field of Guidance and counselling with many people showing greater interest to specializing in the field and thus, study the
    subject at both Masters and Ph. D. levels in various universities within Nigeria and abroad, with a view to providing Guidance and Counselling Services to the society especially in schools.
    Guidance and Counselling generally aims at assisting individuals to understand, accept and use his abilities, aptitudes and interests to achieve his goals and aspirations (Odoemalan & Uwani, 2009). The new interest, therefore, remains a welcomed development considering the trend of unstable home, poor academic performance, drug abuse, high risk, sexual exploitation, cultism, kidnapping et cetera, which have nowadays taken a very terrible dimension in our secondary schools (Mogbo, Obumneke & Anyachebelu, 2011).
    In realization of this, the Federal Government has in the National Policy on Education (2004) stated that it is desirable to provide “Guidance and Counsellors in each post primary schools in Nigeria."
    Though such effort is made to some extent, there is the general outcry, that the Guidance and Counselling centers in our secondary schools do not effectively provide the much-needed services to achieve fundamental goal of facilitating personal development of the individual/students and in making choices, adjustment and solving the problems they encounter in teaching and learning situations.
    Reasons for each weakness and challenges of the Guidance and Counselling Services in our secondary schools are multifaceted. Against this background, this study seeks to investigate the challenges of Guidance and Counselling in secondary schools from the teachers’ and students’ perceptions.

    Statement of the Problems

    The success or otherwise of any policy or program be it in school, is highly determined by a number of factors prominent among which is the motivation and conducive working atmosphere provided to the implementation of such policy or program. Guidance and counselling in particular, is a program, which requires a lot of motivation and an enhanced working environment that can facilitate the enthusiasm of the personnel saddled with the responsibility. This is the only condition under which the goal of Guidance and Counselling can be achieved in our secondary schools.
    However, a careful observation of Guidance and Counselling indicated some challenges associated with the services to include: inadequate funding of the program, inadequate guidance and Counselling personnel, inadequate or improper motivation by parents and teachers. Therefore, there is the need for further studies on the situation of Guidance and Counselling in Nigerian secondary schools for better.