Interest: Hausa Language, Literature and Culture

Monday, January 14, 2019

An Image of Northern Nigeria’s Marital and Gender-based Controversies: A Survey of Abubakar Gimba’s Sacred Apples

Abu-Ubaida SANI
Department of Educational Foundations
Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto
Phone No. 08133529736
Email Address: 

Muhammad Badamasi Tsaure
Department of Educational Foundations
Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto
Phone No. 08133529736
Email Adress:

Being a paper presented at the 13th International Conference on Ethnic Nationalities, Cultural Memory and the Challenges of Nationhood in 21st Century Literature, held at The University Auditorium, IBB University, Lapai, from 30th August to 2nd September 2016.


Gender issues in Nigerian literature (and beyond) have for long been the protagonistic thematic-preoccupation prevalent among male and female writers. Achebe (1958) in “Things Fall Apart” shows that man stands for everything in the world and women have to be submissive to the wills of their husbands. Amadi (1966) in “The Concubine” portrays women as nothing. Arma (1968) in “The Beautiful Ones Are Not Yet Born,” considers women as just means to destruct men. Female writers on the other hand, such as Flora Nwapa, Buchi Emecheta, Zainab Alkali and the contemporary born-again feminist – though a man –  Abubakar Gimba, tried as far as possible to x-ray women in their multi-dimensional write-ups as the sine quo non to the actualization of men’s burning instrumental objective. However, this paper endeavors to cast a look at the image of Northern Nigerian lingering controversy of gender equality versus equity in the Abubakar Gimba’s “Sacred Apples.” This is essentially considered as the thematic underpinning of the book. The paper thus suggests some possible panaceas to act as attempt towards molding literature as a means of calming the gender-related altercations. One of such ways is, in practice, understanding how seriously such writings could have influence on real life situations. Another is, ideally, orienting writers so as to make conscious contributions on the phenomena in question.

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